Preparing for Active Shooter Attacks: One School’s Story
By Greg Howard
BANG, BANG, BANG. A school shooting is in progress, and everyone is on high alert. There is chaos and confusion, panic and disorder. Chilling screams echo through the halls, and people run frantically for cover.
Students rush into classrooms and teachers barricade doors with desks. Meanwhile, bodies – some alive and injured, others dead – lay strewn across the hallway. A voice on the intercom announces where the shooter was last seen in the building. Those in hiding hold their breath and listen closely, trying to hear if the shooter is coming near their room.
And then the police come. Room by room, classroom doors open and officers enter with their guns drawn. Hands go up as officers sweep across the room checking for threats. After officers declare an area clear, it’s time for the bystanders to get out. Students and teachers come out from their hiding places and scatter out into the halls, running to the exits the officers are pointing them to.
Fortunately, this was just a drill. The announcer on the intercom declares that the active shooter drill is over, and everyone breathes a collective sigh of relief. Students who were hurt or deceased just a moment earlier laugh about their Academy Award worthy performances. People discuss how they hid under desks or squeezed themselves into broom closets. And then it’s time to get back into position for the next drill.
Although it’s easy to talk casually about the drills when the day is over, the experience was intense. The noise of the gunfire and loud screams were unsettling. Drills that lasted for just a few moments seemed to go on forever. And the rush of adrenaline that everyone felt was real.
That was our experience when we attended an active shooter drill in Rolla, Missouri this week. School administrators and students from all over the local area gathered at Rolla Junior High School to help first responders prepare to respond to school shooters. Over the course of a few hours, several scenarios were executed, and different groups of officers played different roles as each scenario took place.
Sadly, incidents of school violence like those seen during the 2012-13 school year have made drills like this one necessary for first responders. What gives us hope for the future are the moments like the ones we experienced in Rolla. The sight of so many community members coming together to support one another was impressive. All participants were volunteers, so no one had to be there; it was a midsummer day, and students and school leaders could have been off enjoying their summer vacation. The fact that people in the community were willing to volunteer their time to help law enforcement officers was a very positive thing. We should all look to their example and seek out ways to support the first responders in our own communities.
We’d like to thank Sgt. Wayne Rapier, the Rolla Police Department, and everyone in the Rolla School District who welcomed us to participate in the active shooter drill. We’re happy we were able to attend and see firsthand how active shooter drills work.
Keep up with our Professional Development Series for more info on school violence prevention. Click the following links for free PD webinars on:
- Active shooter preparation and emergency response planning
- How to prevent school violence
- Threat assessment for K-12 schools
- School lockdown planning
You will be taken to the SchoolReach website to view these webinars.
Allowing Cell Phones In School: Benefits and Risks
By Greg Howard
School leaders worldwide are asking themselves an important question these days: What are the pros and cons of school cell phone bans?
We have firsthand knowledge of how hotly debated this topic is. A recent discussion that we started on LinkedIn about student cell phone use policies drew responses from around the globe!
There are significant differences in how our discussion participants perceive student mobile device use. Many U.S.-based leaders are now embracing student device use after banning it for many years. Meanwhile, participants outside the U.S. still think of mobile devices as a potential problem that must be strictly controlled.
Let’s examine the potential impacts of these differences on our schools.
At the time we wrote this post:
- 33 school leaders had joined in on our discussion
- 13 participants were based in the USA; 20 lived elsewhere
- About 3/4 of our discussion participants had a mobile device use ban in place at their school
- 100% of non-U.S. participants had a ban in place
- Almost 2/3 of U.S. participants now allow students to use cell phones at designated times (i.e. passing periods and lunch)
THE CASE FOR BANS
Many educators worldwide still think mobile device bans are needed. Here are the most commonly cited reasons from our non-U.S. participants:
- Potential misuse during academic examinations.
- Cell phones perceived as “contraband,” akin to illegal substances or guns.
- Cell phone bans seen as a means of maintaining school safety and security.
THE CASE AGAINST BANS
By contrast, many U.S. principals are now speaking out against mobile device bans. Commonly cited reasons were:
- Too much work to police device use; the attitude commonly expressed is, “Kids are going to bring devices to school anyway, so why fight it?”
- Storing students’ confiscated devices is a hassle.
- Students need to be taught good online etiquette.
- Mobile devices can be used in class for positive educational purposes.
- It’s difficult to defend educators’ use of devices while banning their use among students.
IMPACTS OF THESE DIFFERENCES ON SCHOOLS
Several U.S.-based administrators argued that allowing devices in their schools has led to positive changes in school culture.
For example, one who spoke out against bans noted that his school had cut student use of devices during instructional times by allowing use during non-instructional times.
This story echoes that of other educators we’ve profiled. In our school fighting case study, for example, we told the story of a middle school that had a 92% year-over-year drop in students disciplined for fighting.
School leaders there found that removing their ban on student device use became an asset rather than a potential problem. With devices in hand, students could easily make anonymous text reports on fighting to their school’s CyberBully Hotline, and countless fights were prevented before they were even allowed to begin.
THE FUTURE OF DEVICES IN SCHOOLS
A few U.S. principals in our discussion contended that kids will find ways to use devices no matter what their school’s policy. They argued in favor of teaching students proper use of mobile devices instead of trying to ban them.
It may take a while for this kind of view to become commonplace, but we think it’s the way of the future. We’ve seen how having mobile devices in school has helped CyberBully Hotline clients address bullying, fighting, and more, and these kinds of benefits are simply too valuable to ignore. Moreover, with innovative learning applications being released every day, mobile devices are turning into important teaching tools in the classroom.
While many administrators view mobile devices as a potential liability, these kinds of risks can be mitigated with smart use policies, good supervision of students, and anonymous reporting programs like our CyberBully Hotline. When students know that know that bad behavior can be anonymously reported and punished at any time, they have strong incentives to use their mobile devices appropriately.
Click here to learn more about the CyberBully Hotline.